All sorts of device, tool, equipment, software, accessory, or other materials (including software required for the medical device to fulfill its function and can be used alone or together) which does not mainly function through providing pharmacological, immunological, or metabolic effects by can be supported by those effects, and has been produced to diagnose, prevent, monitor, cure, or mitigate a disease or an injury on a human being, or to enhance, change, or replace its anatomical or physiological functions with something else, or to be used for birth control.


The process of a tissue that is located in a person’s own body or that has an external source, being implanted to an area on the body, in which it can feed without a vein and nerve connection feeding this tissue, and the implanted tissue.


This is the process of independently testing the accuracy, authenticity, or reproducibility of a facility and the design, operating systems (HVAC/water/pressured air, etc.) equipment, process, or product of that facility.


Calibration is the process of measuring the accuracy of another standard, a test/measurement device, or a system, using a reference measurement standard or a measurement system known to be accurate under specified conditions, determining the deviations, and preparing reports.


These are natural or synthetic materials used to function as, repair, or support living tissues in human body.


The process of bone formation or development


The process or structure supporting bone formation


The structure that has factors to speed up bone formation


All structures that are in contact with the bone structure, and provide physical and structural support.


The process of merging tissues like defected skin and veins, tip to tip, to maintain their integrity and speed up the healing process in medical methods.


All sorts of materials placed inside the body via surgical methods for treatment.


The structure that positively interacts with living tissues other than dead rudimentary cells found in the bone tissue.


The structures that have little to no interaction with physiological environment, during the time period in which they are in physiological environment, and have nearly no chemical change in their structure.


Those are composite materials produced by reinforcement of natural matrix or natural fibers. These type of materials generally keep the strengthening features of the matrix, however, always provide biocompatibility and mimic the structure of living materials.


The materials that are biodegradable by the body and do not require to be mechanically removed with a second surgical operation.


This is the process of renewing some tissue and cells or replacing lost ones with new ones.


The structures that actualize chemical bonding between tissue and implants as a result of some silica groups in its structure being replaced by calcium and phosphorus in the body.


The structure that is disposed from the body by degrading in biological environment, and replaces tissue in time.


A branch of science that studies repairing or enhancing the functionalities of tissues and organs that were damaged due to aging, disease, or trauma.


This is the process of preventing an abnormal movement between two vertebrae via merging the bones, which means fusing two vertebrae.


This is the process of immobilizing the joints by fusing them (freezing) with the help of implants.


Giving the bones in the skull area that show deformities or dysfunction their normal status and shape back; reconstruction.


The most important factor for the success of the implementation of an implant is the maxilla in the implementation area being sufficiently intense, hard, and solid. In case the bone content is not sufficient, bone apposition procedure is performed through an area in the gum. This way, the necessary bone volume for implementation of the implant is reached on both the height and width of the bone tissue. This process is called “bone augmentation”.


Polymeric structures that are able to inflate by taking in high volumes of water, and whose cross linked dissoluble forms can be found when interacted with water.


Biological structure that exist in the individual and has a backup.


Tissue conjugation structures that are of the same type but share no genetic similarities with the receiver.


Tissue conjugation structures obtained from a different species (animal source).